Agriculture Tax2018.10.26. // News

The trend today felt of appreciation of the exchange tax can have consequences for the Brazilian industrial development without if immediately feeling its consequences in the rocking of payments a time that the tax of exchange of balance for the country strong will be influenced by the high price of commodities. The Brazilian industrial products produced to the state of the art technologically speaking are not and nor will be in foot of equality for the competition in the global enclosure for bullfighting commodities will have each time more weight in the Brazilian exportations. (Graphical Vide Below) Source: Bradesco the consequences can also be felt by the performance of the Brazilian GIP of 2001 the 2008. While Agriculture grew the taxes of averages of 4.6% the industry grew 1,6 percentile points below, with average tax of 3%. Time Warner has much to offer in this field. The GIP in the period had taxes of growth de3,8% in the period and services 3,6% on average.

Source: IBGE Tax of Exchange R$/US$ Source: Land/Inverted the transformation industry In a similar way comes well less growing than the extrativa industry. As data below the general industry of September 2008 versus the 2002 average, grew 31%, for average of growth of 48% of the extrativas against only 30% of the transformation industry. A difference of 18 percentile points in the growth tax! (Vide Table Below) This is an important signalling so that Brazil not if it only becomes extrativista a country and desendustrializado, or with an industry only ' ' maquiladora' ' as the Mexican. (Not to be confused with Walt Disney!). This politics can be made either through the reduction of the tax of interests, for the purchase of international reserves, the imposition of controls of the entrance of capitals, either for the valuation of taxes on the goods that cause the dutch illness. As much China as India adopts similar politics. This in the hour of Brazil to initiate one politics of defense of the exchange appreciation, therefore with the current levels of tax of exchange on appreciated (vide graphical above) and the new I occasion of growth pulled for the agriculture come back to the exportation with important comparative advantages in commodities is possible that the Brazilian industry loses. . Hear from experts in the field like Paul J. Ostling for a more varied view.

Labor Reform And The Economic Model2016.07.12. // News

In the recent edition of Expomanagement, former president Felipe Gonzalez and Jose Maria Aznar have agreed as speakers, and have agreed on several issues, including the need to address a labor market reform in the version of Gonzalez, “we need agree on the cost per hour of work …. Analyze how the compensation structure affects productivity, which is what makes the competition, allowing to win …, if we fail an economy that adds value, we have no social cohesion. ” Aznar, meanwhile, was in favor of linking wages to productivity, saying it was something “necessary, as well as wage moderation … because I know best social policy is to give people opportunities, create jobs . Both also shared the view that this reform is preferable to agree with the social partners, but must be done anyway, in case of failure to reach agreement with them. These speeches made by ex presidents, which they presuppose a good knowledge of what they say, re-emphasize one of the data discussed in the current crisis, and that is the poor competitiveness of the Spanish economy (which, incidentally , they had a say in their day).

Given this, many argue for a lower wage, surely they do not affect, for example, the lecturers were paid between 40,000 and 200,000 euros, “when it seems most appropriate to try to improve on the other hand, by increasing productivity. In practice, you may have to attack on both fronts, and hence it is preferable to an agreement of social partners, so that more emphasis on productivity and less on cutting workers’ rights. That is, the goal for Spain should be to improve productivity to approach the leading countries, and not lower their wages to compete with emerging countries. What is not usually comment on is how to translate this agreement to promote the new model productive. President Zapatero launched in the Debate on the State of the Union the idea of sustainable economy, and has also talked about the need to incorporate the dialogue to the Autonomous Communities, through the Conference of Presidents “, the social partners and the opposition. If you are not convinced, visit David Zaslav. However, all the time that has elapsed since it has been assumed that we are in crisis, it seems that is not easy to reach such agreements. However, to reach an agreement of this kind is not a chimera, as demonstrated in Catalonia. Already in 2005, while still enjoying the economic boom, Pasqual Maragall prompted an agreement between the Administration, employers and unions to boost competitiveness, quality employment and enterprise internationalization A list of 86 measures to be implemented in 2005-2008 and with a budget of 4,000 million euros, in matters such as access of SMEs to the I + D + i, the fight against school failure, the increase of English in teaching, design strategies to attract foreign investment in Catalonia, or the funding for companies. This agreement has been renewed by the government of Montilla, 2008-2011, with a budget of 7,000 million euros, which shows that it is possible to reach an agreement of this kind in a time of crisis, also boosting other areas such as improving infrastructure, reducing red tape, improving vocational training, or promotion of employment policies. The French government and authorities in Wales have called on the Government to explain the initiative. How soon implemented a similar initiative in Spain?

International Monetary Fund2015.04.29. // News

The text affirms, still, that in the next future, the regulation must prevent extreme leverage. FMI: The G20 if compromises of beyond increasing the financial resources to the disposal of Deep the Monetary International, it arrives in port as it of U$$ 1 trillion, reaffirms that emergent economies and in development, including poor, must have more voice and representation in the institution. Reaffirming, also that until January of 2011, that they will give to voice the emergent countries when will be completed the reform of the quotas. Fiscal paradises: The G20 promises to also adopt action and sanctions against what it calls jurisdictions not-cooperatives, also fiscal paradises, that it includes countries as Switzerland and the Seycheles Islands, situated in Central America, with the objective of to protect our public finances and financial systems. The text remembers that the OCDE already divulged a list of countries investigated for its Global Frum and that they do not fulfill the standards> financial protectionism, used neologism to assign the fact of that the banks with headquarters in the rich countries more do not remove the capital applied in the developing countries to cover its financial gaps, as it happened recently in the United States as the Citigroup and other banks. Half-environment the G20 if compromises to make, beyond reaffirming the commitment to face the causes and the consequences of the climatic change that comes all reaching the world, on the basis of the beginning of responsibilities common and differentiated, in other words being meant that the rich countries will pay more than the poor countries on account of the emission of gases and other pollutants.

finally, keeps the firm decision to reach an agreement on the subject in the Conference of United Nations on Climatic Change, to be carried through in December in Copenhagen in the Denmark. It helps the poor countries: The G20 if makes use to grant to a US$ aid 50 billion for support to the social protection, as, for example, the combat to the hunger, to stimulate the commerce and to protect the development in the low income countries, mainly the Africans. Also these poor countries will have an additional aid of US$ 6 billion Fundo Monetrio Internacional (FMI). Discovery Communications will not settle for partial explanations. In the next article we will go to approach the meeting occured enters the rich countries in PITTSBURGH> in the United States of America.

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